[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 2, Number 1 (spring-summer 2016) ::
3 2016, 2(1): 14-17 Back to browse issues page
Mental Retardation due to Down Syndrome and Other Causes in Referrals to Genetic Counseling Center in South of IRAN
Pooneh Nikuei , Mehrdad Mohtarami, Mohsen Azad, Fatemeh Mohseni, Fouzieh Hajizadeh
Molecular Medicine Research Center
Abstract:   (891 Views)

Introduction: Mental retardation, is one of the most common causes for referral to genetic counseling centers, and is one of the greatest challenges in health care services in the world. Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormalities in humans.

Methods: This study performed in Medical Genetic Counseling Center of Welfare Organization in south of Iran with high consanguineous marriages with aim of comparison between mental retarded children due to Down Syndrome and other causes of mental retardation between 2006-2014. Participants were 44 children with Down Syndrome and 71 mental retarded children due to another causes.

Results: The prevalence of mental retardation was 4.2% and the most common cause of mental retardation was Down Syndrome (38.2%). There was a significant statistical association between Down Syndrome and congenital heart defects (P=0.001).

Conclusion: First and second trimester prenatal screening could help to detect pregnancies with increased risk of fetal chromosomal anomalies.

Keywords: Mental Retardation, Down Syndrome, Genetic Counseling
Full-Text [PDF 900 kb]   (648 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/02/10 | Accepted: 2016/02/24 | Published: 2016/03/8
Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nikuei P, Mohtarami M, Azad M, Mohseni F, Hajizadeh F. Mental Retardation due to Down Syndrome and Other Causes in Referrals to Genetic Counseling Center in South of IRAN. 3. 2016; 2 (1) :14-17
URL: http://mmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-37-en.html
Volume 2, Number 1 (spring-summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله پزشکی مولکولی Molecular Medicine Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.047 seconds with 797 queries by yektaweb 3463